India is a diverse country with varying seasons ensures availability of fruits and vegetables round the year. India ranks second in the world in terms of fruits and vegetable production after China. India produce around 83 million tonnes of fruits and 162 million metric tonnes of vegetables. The area under cultivation of fruits stood at 6.98 million hectares while vegetables were cultivated at 9.21 million hectares. Apart from being the second world largest producer collectively, India ranks first in terms of production of ginger and okra in vegetable and in fruits – bananas, papaya, mangoes and guava.
India exports fruits and vegetables and trade is estimated at Rs. 88,000 million. In this, Mangoes, Walnuts, Grapes, Bananas, Pomegranates account for larger portion of fruits while in vegetables, India exports Onions, Okra, Bitter Gourd, Green Chillies, Mushrooms and Potatoes. India exports mostly to neighbouring countries viz. UAE, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Srilanka and Nepal.
Though India’s share in the global market is still nearly 1% only, there is increasing acceptance of horticulture produce from the country. This has occurred due to concurrent developments in the areas of state-of-the-art cold chain infrastructure and quality assurance measures.